Feroz Shah Kotla was the fortress built by Feroz Shah Tugluq

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Feroz Shah Quila depicts the architectural style of Delhi
Feroz Shah Quila depicts the architectural style of Delhi

Feroz Shah Kotla was the fortress built by Feroz Shah Tugluq to mark his identity as the founder of the new version of Delhi in his reign. He renamed the part of Delhi city he constructed as Ferozabad. The Fortress is the abode of Asokan Pillar, Jamoi Masjid, Baoli, and a large garden complex. Feroz Shah Tugluq is known for the patronage of architecture and public works in his tenure. The fortress represents Indo Arabic Architectural style. He ruled form 1351-1388 and completed the construction of this fortress in 1354. The word Kotla means pillar.

Feroz Shah Kotla was the fortress
Feroz Shah Kotla was the fortress

Asokan Pillar

It is said that the sandstone pillars erected by Asoka around 300BC were moved to Ferozabad in his reign and later they were placed as we see them today at Feroz Shah Kotla in 1356.

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There are stories that Feroz Shah Kotla reinstalled Asokan Pillar after shifting it to Haryana. The inscriptions on Asokan Pillar are in Prakrit or Pali script and were successfully translated by James Pirsep in 1837. The pillar is 13.1 meters high. It was installed near the Jami Mosque to offer group prayers.

The Asokan Pillar was brought from Haryana by 200 men under the orders of Feroz Shah. He made arrangements to secure the beauty of the pillar. After the fall of the sultanate, the fortress was neglected and after the Hindu Revolt in 1837 Raja Hindu Rao brought its reminiscences to Kolkata and repaired it and reinstalled in 1838 in the current spot in Delhi.

Feroz Shah Kotla was the fortress
Feroz Shah Kotla was the fortress

Jami Masjid

This was one of the ancient and existing mosques around the world. It is believed that Timur was enchanted by the beauty of this mosque when he visited it in 1398 and offered prayers. He constructed a mosque similar to this mosque at Samarkand. Only ruins of this mosque for left there but it is one of the magnificent works of Delhi Sultans. The entrance of this mosque is connected to the causeway of the Ashokan Pillar or Topra Ashokan Pillar.

Baoli

It is constructed as the summer retreat to the royal family. This is a deep stepped well and local people believe that angels step down from heaven and grant the wishes written on chits every Thursday in the premises of the fort. We can see a lot of crowd on Thursdays and lots of chits on the walls of the premises of the fort. This concept is not very older one and became popular after the emergency days of 1977.

The well is in damaged condition and is locked but still, the water is used to water the garden inside the fortress.

 

How to reach?

Feroz Shah Kotla can be reached by nearest metro train from Pragati Maidan. The entry fee for SAARC member citizens and Indian citizens is Rs.5 and other nationals it is Rs.100. Children below the age of 15 years can visit this place without any entry fee.

Conclusion

Though this fort is completely ruined, the history lovers like to visit this place since it depicts the architectural skills of ancient India. This fortress is maintained by the archeological department of India.

 

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